The Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA) in the United Kingdom has just published an interesting study entitled The War between the State and the Family: How Government Divides and Impoverishes that looks at how 25 years of policy, by both Conservative and Labour governments, has reportedly had a deleterious effect on the family unit in Great Britain.
The findings include:
The study shows how the tax and benefits systems are particularly harsh on single-earner couples who have to earn over £50,000 before there is no loss from declaring their relationship to the authorities. This situation encourages couples not to marry and, if they are living together, to lie to the authorities about their family situation. In 2004/05, the government paid credits and benefits to 200,000 more lone parents than actually live in the UK – fraud is widespread. The tax and benefits system encourages such fraud. In the most extreme case, a couple can gain nearly £10,000 a year by not declaring their relationship.
Family life has been discouraged over 25 years by both Conservative and Labour governments. In the Thatcher years, the Conservative government gave lone parents special financial benefits and priority entitlement to council housing. In the Labour years, the state increasingly became the child-care provider. As Patricia Morgan comments, “Under Thatcher, the state became the bread-winner for lone parents; under Brown the state became the child carer. The consequences are obvious – couples are strongly encouraged not to commit to each other because, by doing so, they will lose out financially. Both Conservative and Labour governments also removed any offsetting compensation in the tax system that had previously helped two-parent families.”
Government policy penalising two-parent families has had a disastrous economic and social effect. Couples who describe themselves as “closely involved” are twelve times more likely than married couples to split up in the first three years of a child’s life. There are also higher levels of worklessness and benefit dependency – lone parent families receiving an average of 66% of their income in benefits and tax credits.
The complete report can be downloaded from here [pdf].